An Laurales an order kan mga tinanom na nagbuburak. Ini mga magnoliids, kapamilya kan Magnoliales.

Laurales
Laurus nobilis MHNT Fleurs.jpg
Laurus nobilis flowers and leaves
Klasipikasyong Siyentipiko e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl[1]
Families

An order igwa nin maabot sa 2500-2800 na espesye hali sa 85-90 na genera, na binibilog kan pitong pamilya kan mga kahoy asin mga palumpong. Kadaklan kan mga espesye tropikal asin subtropikal, igwa man magkakapirang genera na nakaabot sa mga temperadong mga zona. An mga bistong espesye sa order na ini iyo an mga kaayon sa Lauraceae (halimbawa laurel, cinnamon, abukado, asin Sassafras), asin an mga nagbuburak na palumpong an Calycanthus kan Calycanthaceae. An pinakaenot na lauraceous fossil hali sa Cretaceous.

ClassificationLiwaton

An mga minasunod na pamilya kaayon sa Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system (APG III):[1]

order Laurales
family Atherospermataceae
family Calycanthaceae
family Gomortegaceae
family Hernandiaceae
family Lauraceae
family Monimiaceae
family Siparunaceae
Magnoliids



Canellales



Piperales





Laurales


Calycanthaceae





Siparunaceae




Atherospermataceae



Gomortegaceae






Hernandiaceae




Monimiaceae



Lauraceae








Magnoliales




An presenteng komposisyon asin phylogeny kan Laurales.[2][3]

Sa irarom kan lumang Cronquist system, an Laurales igwa nin dikit na pagkakaiba sa mga grupo kan pamilya (an lugar na pinaghalian, nagkakaiba, ini nakalaog sa mga bracket):

ToltolanLiwaton

  1. 1.0 1.1 Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122630309/abstract. Retrieved on 2013-07-06. 
  2. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141 (4): 399–436. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x. 
  3. Soltis, P. S.; Soltis, D. E. (2004). "The origin and diversification of Angiosperms". American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1614–1626. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1614. PMID 21652312. http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/abstract/91/10/1614. 

Mga panluwas na takodLiwaton

  • K.J. Perleb (1826). Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte des Pflanzenreichs p. 174. Magner, Freiburg im Breisgau, Deutschland.
  • Renner, Susanne S. (May 2001) Laurales. In: Nature Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. London: Nature Publishing Group. Plantilya:Doi, Full text (pdf).
  • Endress, P.K.; Igersheim, A. (1997). "Gynoecium diversity and systematics of the Laurales". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (2): 93–168. doi:10.1006/bojl.1997.0113.