Si Chiang Kai-shek (Oktobre 31, 1887 – Abril 5, 1975) sarong lider militar asin pulitiko na nagsirbeng pamayo kan Republika nin Tsina sa pag'oltan kan taon 1928 asin 1975. Bisto man siya sa pangaran na Chiang Chung-cheng (蔣中正, Jiang Zhong Zheng) o Chiang Chieh-shih (蔣介石, Jiang Jie Shi) sa Tsinong Estandarte. Siya saro man na myembrong maimpluensya sa partido Koumintang (KMT), an Partido Nasyonalista kan Tsina asin ugos na kakampi ni Sun Yat-sen. Nagin siyang Komandante kan Whampoa Military Academy, sarong akademya kan Koumintang. Siya man an nagsangle sa pwesto ni Sun Yat-sen kan an huri nagadan kan 1925. Kan 1926, si Chiang namoon sa Ekspidisyon Norte sa tuyong pagbunyog kan nasyon Tsina asin huli kaini nagin siyang lider nominal kaini. Nagsirbe siyang Chairman sa National Military Council kan gobyerno Nasyonalista kan Republika nin Tsina poon 1928 abot 1948. Si Chiang iyo man an namayo sa pakigera sa Hapon sa inapod na Ikaduwang Gerang Sino-Hapon, na iyo an teatro kan mga Insik sa Ikaduwang Gerang Pankinaban asin huli kaini nahimo niyang masaray sa kamot niya an poder kapot kan mga warlord sa suruway-suway na mga rona. Bakong arog daa ki Sun Yat-sen, si Chiang conservativo, pigbubusol mga tradisyunal na kulturang Intsik, asin pigsikwal an demokrasyang solnopan asin an nasyonalistang sosyalismong demokratiko na si Sun pigpapaorog imbes an sarong awtokratikong gobyerno.[5][6]

His Excellency
Generalissimo

Chiang Kai-shek
GCB, gcYC, ร.ม.ภ, GCS, CCLH, LOM, DSM
蔣中正
蔣介石
Jiang Jieshi2.jpg
Chiang in 1940
Chairman of the National Government of the Republic of China
Termino
10 October 1943 – 20 May 1948
Acting: 1 August 1943 – 10 October 1943
Premier T. V. Soong
Vice Chairman Sun Fo
Suminunod ki Lin Sen
Sinundan ni Himself (as President of the Republic of China)
Termino
10 October 1928 – 15 December 1931
Premier Tan Yankai
T. V. Soong
Suminunod ki Tan Yankai
Sinundan ni Lin Sen
Chairman of the Military Affairs Commission
Termino
15 December 1931 – 31 May 1946
Suminunod ki Position established
Sinundan ni Position abolished
President of the Republic of China
Termino
1 March 1950 – 5 April 1975
Premier Yan Xishan
Chen Cheng
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng
Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
Bise Presidente Li Zongren
Chen Cheng
Yen Chia-kan
Suminunod ki Li Zongren (Acting)
Sinundan ni Yen Chia-kan
Termino
20 May 1948 – 21 January 1949
Premier Chang Chun
Wong Wen-hao
Sun Fo
Bise Presidente Li Zongren
Suminunod ki Position established (himself as Chairman of the Kuomintang)
Sinundan ni Li Zongren (Acting)
Premier of the Republic of China
Termino
1 March 1947 – 18 April 1947
Suminunod ki Soong Tse-ven
Sinundan ni Chang Chun
Termino
20 November 1939 – 31 May 1945
President Lin Sen
Suminunod ki Hsiang-hsi Kung
Sinundan ni Soong Tse-ven
Termino
9 December 1935 – 1 January 1938
President Lin Sen
Suminunod ki Wang Jingwei
Sinundan ni H. H. Kung
Termino
4 December 1930 – 15 December 1931
Suminunod ki T. V. Soong
Sinundan ni Chen Mingshu
Chairman of the Kuomintang
Termino
12 May 1936 – 1 April 1938
Suminunod ki Hu Hanmin
Sinundan ni Himself as Director-General of the Kuomintang
Termino
6 July 1926 – 11 March 1927
Suminunod ki Zhang Renjie
Sinundan ni Woo Tsin-hang and Li Yuying
Director-General of the Kuomintang
Termino
1 April 1938 – 5 April 1975
Deputy Wang Jingwei
Chen Cheng
Suminunod ki Position established
Sinundan ni Chiang Ching-kuo (as Chairman of the Kuomintang)
Personal na mga detalye
Kamundagan (1887-10-31)31 Oktobre 1887
Xikou, Fenghua, Zhejiang, Qing dynasty China
Kagadanan 5 Abril 1975(1975-04-05) (edad 87)
Shilin Official Residence,[1][2] Shihlin District, or Taipei Central Hospital,[3] Taipei, Taiwan (ROC)
Lulubngan Cihu Mausoleum, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Nasyunalidad Republic of China
Partido politikal Kuomintang
Agom Mao Fumei
Yao Yecheng
Chen Jieru
Soong Mei-ling
Mga aki Chiang Ching-kuo
Chiang Wei-kuo (adopted)
Alma mater Baoding Military Academy, Imperial Japanese Army Academy Preparatory School
Awards Order of National Glory, Order of Blue Sky and White Sun, 1st class Order of the Sacred Tripod, Legion of Merit
Lagda
Military service
(Mga) gaha "Generalissimo"
"Red General"[4]
Allegiance Plantilya:Country data Republic of China (1912–1949)
Serbisyo/sangay Plantilya:Country data ROC
Mga taon kan serbisyo 1911–1975
Ranggo 18陆军特级上将.png Generalissimo (特級上將)
Battles/wars Xinhai Revolution, Northern Expedition, Sino-Tibetan War, Kumul Rebellion, Soviet invasion of Xinjiang, Chinese Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War, Kuomintang Islamic Insurgency in China (1950–1958)
Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek (Chinese characters).svg
"Chiang Kai-shek" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Tradisyonal na Intsik 蔣介石
Pinasimpling Intsik 蒋介石
register name
Tradisyonal na Intsik 蔣周泰
Pinasimpling Intsik 蒋周泰
milk name
Tradisyonal na Intsik 蔣瑞元
Pinasimpling Intsik 蒋瑞元
school name
Tradisyonal na Intsik 蔣志清
Pinasimpling Intsik 蒋志清
adopted name
Tradisyonal na Intsik 蔣中正
Pinasimpling Intsik 蒋中正

Pakatapos kan Ikaduwang Gerang Pankinaban, an pwersang komunista asin an pwersa ni Chiang nagpulpogan. An pwersa ni Chiang nadaog kan mga Komunista na pinamayohan ni Mao Zedong kan taon 1949 asin napiritan an saiyang hokbo asin an mga kakampi niyang mga Nasyunalista na maghubo sa Taiwan asin duman itogdas an sadiring gobyerno.[7]


Mga panluwas na takodLiwaton

  • [1] Chiang Kai Shek: China's Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost. 2005. 562ng pahina.
  • [2] Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China. Kinua 24-07-15.


ToltolanLiwaton

  1. Sambiton an kasalaan: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na ckspres
  2. Sambiton an kasalaan: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na ckspresen
  3. Sambiton an kasalaan: Imbalidong <ref> tatak; mayong teksto na ipinagtao para sa reperensiya na pinagngaranan na nytcks
  4. Pakula, Hannah (2009). The last empress: Madame Chiang Kai-Shek and the birth of modern China. Simon and Schuster. p. 346. ISBN 978-1-4391-4893-8. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  5. http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=2 Kinua 24-07-15
  6. http://spartacus-educational.com/2WWchaing.htm Kinua 24-07-15
  7. http://www.hoover.org/library-archives/collections/chiang-kai-shek-diaries] Kinua 24-07-15.