An Vitex /ˈvtɛks/[3] iyo an genus kan mga tanum na nagbuburak sa pamilya kan Lamiaceae.[4] Ini igwa nin maabot sa 250 na espesye.[5][6]An ibang apod igdi iyo an"chaste tree" o "chastetree", na nagtutukoy man sa V. agnus-castus pero ipinapangapod man sa gabos na espesye.

Vitex
Vitex altissima L.f.jpg
Vitex altissima
Klasipikasyong Siyentipiko e
Taxonomy template does not specify a parent (pakarhayon): Buhay
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Core eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Pamilya: Lamiaceae
Subpamilya: Viticoideae
Genus: Vitex
L.[1]
Type species
Vitex agnus-castus
Mga kapareho[2]
  • Macrostegia Nees
  • Neorapinia Moldenke
  • Mailelou Adans.
  • Limia Vand.
  • Allasia Lour.
  • Nephrandra Willd.
  • Tripinna Lour.
  • Chrysomallum Thouars
  • Tripinnaria Pers.
  • Pyrostoma G.Mey.
  • Wallrothia Roth 1821 not Spreng. 1815
  • Psilogyne DC
  • Casarettoa Walp.
  • Rapinia Montrouz.
  • Agnus-castus Tourn. ex Carrière
  • Varengevillea Baill
  • Pistaciovitex Kuntze
  • Viticipremna H.J.Lam
  • Tsoongia Merr.
  • Paravitex H.R.Fletcher

An mga espesye kan Vitex tubo sa kabuuan kan tropics asin subtropics, na igwa man magkakapirang espesye sa temperate Eurasia.[2][7]

Halos 18 espesye an kaayon sa kultibasyon. Vitex agnus-castus asin Vitex negundo pinapadakula sa mga temperadong klima.[8] Igwang anum na pinapadakul sa tropics.[9] Halos gabos na espesye sa kultibasyon nagseserbeng masetas. An iba nagtatao man nin tabla. An mga sanga kaini ginagamit sa paggibo nin bakol.[7] An iba sa mga aromatic species ginagamit sa pagbulong.[9][10] or to repel mosquitos.[9]

An genus Vitex pinangaranan ni Linnaeus sa Species Plantarum kan 1753.[11] An Vitex an ngaran na ginamit ni Pliny the Elder para sa Vitex agnus-castus. Ini gikan sa Latin vieo, na ibig sabihon, maghabi o magbugkos.[12]

Vitex saro sa magkakapirang genera na inilipat hali sa Verbenaceae pasiring Lamiaceae kan 1990s bilang resulta kan mga phylogenetic na pag-adal kan mga DNA sequence.Ini an pinakadakulang genus sa subpamilya Viticoideae kan Lamiaceae.[5][13] An subpamilya pwedeng diphyletic, kaiba an Premna, Gmelina, asin Cornutia nagbubuo nin sarong clade, asin kan Vitex, Petitia, Pseudocarpidium, asin Teijsmanniodendron na nagbuo man kan iba.[14]

DeskripsyonLiwaton

Vitex an genus kan mga palumpong asin mga kahoy, puon 1 hanggang 35 metro an taas. An ibang espesye igwa nin maputing itsura kan puno An mga dahon magkabaliktadan asin duwahan. Asin an prutas drupe.[15]

Ibang mga espesyeLiwaton


 
Vitex chrysocarpus fruit and autumn leaves

ToltolanLiwaton

  1. "Genus: Vitex L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. Vitex  (Online ed.). Oxford University Press.  (Subscription or participating institution membership required.)
  4. List of Genera in Lamiaceae. At: Peter F. Stevens. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website At: Missouri Botanical Garden Website. (see External links below).
  5. 5.0 5.1 Raymond M. Harley, Sandy Atkins, Andrey L. Budantsev, Philip D. Cantino, Barry J. Conn, Renée J. Grayer, Madeline M. Harley, Rogier P.J. de Kok, Tatyana V. Krestovskaja, Ramón Morales, Alan J. Paton, and P. Olof Ryding. 2004. "Labiatae" pages 167-275. In: Klaus Kubitzki (editor) and Joachim W. Kadereit (volume editor). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume VII. Springer-Verlag: Berlin; Heidelberg, Germany. ISBN 978-3-540-40593-1
  6. Vitex In: Index Nominum Genericorum. In: Regnum Vegetabile (see External links below).
  7. 7.0 7.1 David J. Mabberley. 2008. Mabberley's Plant-Book third edition (2008). Cambridge University Press: UK.
  8. Anthony J. Huxley, Mark Griffiths, and Margot Levy (editors). 1992. The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. The Macmillan Press Limited, London; The Stockton Press, New York.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 George W. Staples and Derral R. Herbst "A Tropical Garden Flora" Bishop Museum Press: Honolulu (2005)
  10. "Elemental and Phytochemical Screening of Vitex Doniana Leaves and Stem Bark in Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria". International Journal of Chemical Studies 1 (3): 165–172. 2013. http://www.chemijournal.com/vol1Issue3/sep2013/43.1.pdf. 
  11. Carolus Linnaeus. 1753. Species Plantarum 2:706. Laurentii Salvii. (see External Links below).
  12. Umberto Quattrocchi. 2000. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names volume I, page 91. CRC Press: Boca Raton; New York; Washington, DC;, US. London, UK. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8 (set). (see External links below).
  13. Systematics of Lamiaceae Subfamily Viticoideae. At: Website of Kew Gardens. (see External links below).
  14. Gemma L.C. Bramley, Félix Forest, and Rogier P.J. de Kok. 2009. "Troublesome tropical mints: re-examining generic limits of Vitex and relations (Lamiaceae) in South East Asia". Taxon 58(2):500-510.
  15. "Vitex Linn.". Manual of the New Zealand Flora. 

Mga kinuananLiwaton

  • Ray Harley, "In search of Labiatae in Eastern Brazil", Vitex: A Newsletter for Lamiaceae & Verbenaceae Research, ISSN 1470-0123, Issue 1, February 2000, page 5.

Panluwas na takodLiwaton