Si Jerome David Salinger (/ˈsælɪndʒər/; Enero 1, 1919 – Enero 27, 2010) , sarong Amerikanong parasurat na bantog huli sa saiyang nobelang The Catcher in the Rye.

Nagpublikar si Salinger nin nagkakapirang mga halipot na usipon sa Story magazine kan kinaamayi kan 1940 bago sya magserbe sa Ika-duwang gerang pangkinaban. Kan 1948, an saiyang istoryang "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" nagluwas sa The New Yorker na nagi man kapinunan kan saiyang mga nagsunod na mga naisurat.

Naipublikar an The Catcher in the Rye kan taon 1951 asin nagin bantog man tulos ini. Nagin impluwensyal an saiyang pagsasaladawan kan mga inaagihan kan mga soltero huli sa saiyang karakter na si Holden Caulfield. Binasa kan mas kadakol na tawo an libro asin nagi man ining kontrobersiyal.

An pagigin bantog kan The Catcher in the Rye nagkawsa tanganing matawan ini nin labing atensyon asin pagsuysoy. Nagin mas patago si Salinger hasta sa diit na sana an saiyang mga bagong ipigruruluwas na obra. Pigsundan nya an nobelang ini nin koleksiyon nin mga halipot na usipon, sa titulong Nine Stories (1953); sarong bolyum na igwa nin laog na novella asin mga halipot na usipon, Franny and Zooey (1961); asin sarong bolyum na naglalaog nin duwang novella, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction (1963). An saiyang huring naipublikar na novella na igwa nin titulong "Hapsworth 16, 1924," nagluwas sa The New Yorker kan Hunyo 19, 1965. Makalihis an panahon, nag-atubang sya nin pirang legal na remalaso kan 1980 kontra sa biographer na si Ian Hamilton asin man sa pagluwas kan mga memoirs kan huring parte kan 1990 gikan sa duwang tawong harani saiya: si Joyce Maynard, dati nyang kaiuluson; asin man si Margaret Salinger, saiyang aking babayi.

J. D. Salinger
J. D. Salinger (Catcher in the Rye portrait).jpg
Salinger in 1950
MinundaganJerome David Salinger
(1919-01-01)Enero 1, 1919
Manhattan, New York
KagadananEnero 27, 2010(2010-01-27) (edad 91)
Cornish, New Hampshire
KasibotanWriter
EdukasyonNew York University
Ursinus College
Columbia University
Bantog na giboThe Catcher in the Rye (1951)
Nine Stories (1953)
Franny and Zooey (1961)
Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction (1963)
Mga akìMargaret Salinger
Matt Salinger

Lagdâ
1133 Park Avenue in Manhattan, where Salinger grew up
Dust jacket of The Catcher in the Rye, first edition.
Salinger on the cover of Time (September 15, 1961)
Ladawan:Dream Catcher (memoir).jpg
Margaret Salinger's memoir Dream Catcher, its cover featuring a rare photograph of Salinger and Margaret as a child
Created for the cover of Time magazine, Robert Vickrey's 1961 portrait of Salinger was placed on view in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C., after Salinger's death.[1]

Lista kan mga giboLiwaton

Mga LibroLiwaton

  • The Catcher in the Rye (1951)
  • Nine Stories (1953)
    • "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" (1948)
    • "Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut" (1948)
    • "Just Before the War with the Eskimos" (1948)[2]
    • "The Laughing Man" (1949)
    • "Down at the Dinghy" (1949)
    • "For Esmé—with Love and Squalor" (1950)
    • "Pretty Mouth and Green My Eyes" (1951)[165]
    • "De Daumier-Smith's Blue Period" (1952)
    • "Teddy" (1953)
  • Franny and Zooey (1961)
    • "Franny" (1955)
    • "Zooey" (1957)
  • Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction (1963)
    • "Raise High the Roof-Beam, Carpenters" (1955)
    • "Seymour: An Introduction" (1959)
  • Three Early Stories (2014)
    • "The Young Folks" (1940)
    • "Go See Eddie" (1940)
    • "Once a Week Won't Kill You" (1944)

Mga naipublikar asin naiantolohiyang mga usiponLiwaton

  • "Go See Eddie" (1940, republished in Fiction: Form & Experience, ed. William M. Jones, 1969 and in Three Early Stories, 2014)
  • "The Young Folks" (1940, republished in Three Early Stories, 2014)
  • "The Hang of It" (1941, republished in The Kit Book for Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 1943)
  • "The Long Debut of Lois Taggett" (1942, republished in Stories: The Fiction of the Forties, ed. Whit Burnett, 1949)
  • "Once a Week Won't Kill You" (1944, republished in Three Early Stories, 2014)
  • "A Boy in France" (1945, republished in Post Stories 1942–45, ed. Ben Hibbs, 1946 and July/August 2010 issue of Saturday Evening Post magazine)
  • "This Sandwich Has No Mayonnaise" (1945, republished in The Armchair Esquire, ed. L. Rust Hills, 1959)
  • "Slight Rebellion off Madison" (1946, republished in Wonderful Town: New York Stories from The New Yorker, ed. David Remnick, 2000)
  • "A Girl I Knew" (1948, republished in Best American Short Stories 1949, ed. Martha Foley, 1949)

Mga naipublikar asin dai naiantolohiyang mga usiponLiwaton

  • "The Heart of a Broken Story" (1941)
  • "Personal Notes of an Infantryman" (1942)
  • "The Varioni Brothers" (1943)
  • "Both Parties Concerned" (1944)
  • "Soft-Boiled Sergeant" (1944)
  • "Last Day of the Last Furlough" (1944)
  • "Elaine" (1945)
  • "The Stranger" (1945)
  • "I'm Crazy" (1945)
  • "A Young Girl in 1941 with No Waist at All" (1947)
  • "The Inverted Forest" (1947)
  • "Blue Melody" (1948)
  • "Hapworth 16, 1924" (1965)

Mga nainot na usipon na dai naisapublikarLiwaton

Mga media portrayal asin reperensyaLiwaton

  • In W. P. Kinsella's 1982 novel, Shoeless Joe, the main character "kidnaps" the reclusive Salinger to take him to a baseball game. When the novel was adapted for cinema as Field of Dreams, Salinger's character was replaced by the fictional Terence Mann (played by James Earl Jones), amid fears that Salinger might sue.[3]
  • In the 2002 film The Good Girl, the character of Holden (played by Jake Gyllenhaal) adopts the name because of his admiration of The Catcher in the Rye. Coincidentally the film also stars Zooey Deschanel who was named after the character from Salinger's Franny and Zooey.
  • Salinger is portrayed by Chris Cooper in James Steven Sadwith's 2015 film Coming Through the Rye.[4]
  • Salinger appears as a character (voiced by Alan Arkin) in several 2015–2016 episodes of BoJack Horseman (season 2 episodes 6, 7, 8, 10 and season 3 episode 1), where he is said to have faked his own death to escape public attention and ironically pursue a career in television production. He quotes numerous lines from his works, bemoaning how The Catcher in the Rye has become his only recognizable work. In humorous contrast to his real-life beliefs, this rendition of Salinger loves Hollywoo and ends up managing a game show, which he aptly names Hollywoo Stars and Celebrities: What Do They Know? Do They Know Things? Let's Find Out.
  • Salinger was portrayed by Nicholas Hoult in the 2017 film Rebel in the Rye.[5]
  • Salinger's name is mentioned in the title for The Wonder Years song "You're Not Salinger. Get Over It."
  • In the book and TV show You by Caroline Kepnes, one of the characters, Peach, is named as being a relative of Salinger.
  • In the film Man at Bath (2010), the character Dustin Segura-Suarez holds Franny and Zooey in his hands while taking a bath; the novel's themes of family suicide, detachment, and hauntings play important roles in Honoré's film, Dans Paris (2006).
  • The Catcher in the Rye plays a major part in the South Park episode "The Tale of Scrotie McBoogerballs", as the boys are inspired to write their own book when they feel Salinger's book does not live up to its controversial reputation.
  • The anime TV series Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex heavily references J. D. Salinger works including Catcher in the Rye, The Laughing Man and A Perfect Day for Banana Fish.
  • The 2018 anime series Banana Fish displays themes found in A Perfect Day for Banana Fish, and protagonist Ash Lynx mirrors Seymour Glass. Other references to Salinger's work are found in episode titles; episode 1 is titled "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" and episode 24 is titled "The Catcher in the Rye".
  • Salinger is a 2013 documentary film that tells the story of Salinger's life through interviews with friends, historians, and journalists.
  • My Salinger Year is a film for release in 2020, based on the 2014 memoir by Joanna Rakoff.

Mga TalaLiwaton

CitationsLiwaton

ToltolanLiwaton

  • Mueller, Bruce F.; Hochman, Will (2011). Critical Companion to J. D. Salinger: a Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 978-0816065974.
  • Alexander, Paul (1999). Salinger: A Biography. Los Angeles: Renaissance. ISBN 1-58063-080-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Crawford, Catherine, ed. (2006). If You Really Want to Hear About It: Writers on J. D. Salinger and His Work. New York: Thunder's Mouth. ISBN 1-56025-880-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Grunwald, Henry Anatole, ed. (1962). Salinger, the Classic Critical and Personal Portrait. New York: Harper Perennial, Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06185-250-3.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • French, Warren (1988). J. D. Salinger, Revisted. Boston, Massachusetts: Twayne Publishers. ISBN 0-8057-7522-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Hamilton, Ian (1988). In Search of J. D. Salinger. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-53468-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kubica, Chris; Hochman, Will (2002). Letters to J. D. Salinger. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-17800-5.
  • Lutz, Norma Jean (2002). "Biography of J.D. Salinger". In Bloom, Harold (ed.). J. D. Salinger. Bloom's BioCritiques. Philadelphia: Chelsea House. pp. 3–44. ISBN 0-7910-6175-2. OCLC 48473975.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Maynard, Joyce (1998). At Home in the World. New York: Picador. ISBN 0-312-19556-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Salinger, Margaret (2000). Dream Catcher: A Memoir. New York: Washington Square Press. ISBN 0-671-04281-5.
  • Slawenski, Kenneth (2010). J. D. Salinger: A Life Raised High, London, Pomona Books. ISBN 978-1-904590-23-1ISBN 978-1-904590-23-1
  • Whitfield, Stephen (December 1997). "Cherished and Cursed: Toward a Social History of The Catcher in the Rye". The New England Quarterly 70 (4): 567–600. doi:10.2307/366646. 
Reprinted in Bloom, Harold, ed. (2001). J. D. Salinger. Bloom's BioCritiques. Philadelphia: Chelsea House. pp. 77–105. ISBN 0-7910-6175-2.

Mga panluwas na takodLiwaton