Bukasan an pangenot na hùyagan


An Hong Kong (Intsik: 香港;) saro sa duwang espesyal na ronang administratibo kan Republikang Popular kan Tsina, an saro pa kaini iyo an Macau. Namumugtak sa kosang habagatan kan Tsina, asin nalilikosan kan Pearl River Delta saka kan Dagat Habagatan nin Tsina, ini bantog sa hararom niyang pantalan asin halawig na skyline. An Hong Kong saro sa pinakadusok sa populasyon sa kinaban asin igwa ining hiwas na 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi), may nageerok igding 7 milyon katawo. [15]. Nubenta pursyento kan namamanwaan mga etnikong Intsik, an 5% hale sa ibang grupo.[16]An Intsik na Han na iyo an mayoriya, kadaklan gikan mansana sa mga siyudad nin Guangzhou asin Taishan, na sakop kan probinsyang Guangdong.[17]

Hong Kong

香港
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Chinese:中華人民共和國香港特別行政區
Cantonese romanisation:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Hēunggóng Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
A flag with a white 5-petalled flower design on solid red background
Flag
A red circular emblem, with a white 5-petalled flower design in the centre, and surrounded by the words "Hong Kong" and "中華人民共和國香港特別行政區"
Emblem
Location of Hong Kong within China
Location of Hong Kong within China
Sovereign stateChina
Before transferBritish Hong Kong
Treaty of Nanking29 August 1842
New Territories lease9 June 1898
Sino-British Joint Declaration19 December 1984
Transfer from the United Kingdom1 July 1997
Administrative centreTamar
Largest district
by population
Sha Tin
Official languages
Cantonese[lower-alpha 1]
Traditional Chinese[lower-alpha 2]
English alphabet
Ethnic groups
(2016)
92.0% Chinese
2.5% Filipino
2.1% Indonesian
0.8% White
2.6% other[6]
Demonym(s)Hongkonger
Hong Kongese
GovernmentDevolved executive-led system within a socialist republic
Plantilya:Infobox country/multirow
LegislatureLegislative Council
National representation
36 deputies
203 delegates[7]
Area
• Total
1,108[8] km2 (428 sq mi) (168th)
• Water (%)
3.16 (35 km2; 13.51 sq mi)[8]
Highest elevation957 m (3,140 ft)
Lowest elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population
• 2018 estimate
7,482,500[9] (102nd)
• Density
6,777[10]/km2 (17,552.3/sq mi) (4th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $490.880 billion[11] (44th)
• Per capita
Increase $64,928[11] (10th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $372.989 billion[11] (35th)
• Per capita
Increase $49,334[11] (16th)
Gini (2016)Plantilya:IncreaseNegative 53.9[12]
high
HDI (2017)Increase 0.933[13]
very high · 7th
CurrencyHong Kong dollar (HK$) (HKD)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (HKT)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[lower-alpha 3]
Calling code+852
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
License plate prefixes粤Z (cross-boundary vehicles only)
AbbreviationHK /

An Hong Kong nagin sarong kolonya kan Imperyong Briton pakatapos sana kan "Enot na Gerang Apyan" (1839-42). Dati an pagdolonan kaini limitado sana sa Isla nin Hongkong alagad pinalakbang ini sa sunod-sunod na pag'entra kan pwersang Briton sa Kowloon Peninsula, dangan sa inapod na New Territories kan taon 1898. Ini sinakop kan Hapon kan magputok an Ika-2 Gerang Pangkinaban dangan nakabalik sa kontrol kan mga Briton hanggan taon 1997. Kan taon na iyan binutsan na kan mga Briton asin ini nabalik na sa irarom kan soberania kan Popular na Republika kan Tsina. An polisya na pigpasunod igdi kan gobyernong sentral kan Tsina iyo an pagrespeto sa dating sistemang pinapasunod sa Hong Kong asin minimong interbensyon sa pagpalakaw kan gobyerno lokal dawa totoo nagkaigwang reporma pinasunod ini kan taon 2009. Palibhasa an Hong Kong haloy na napa'irarom sa sistemang Briton, an kultura igdi tagob sa impluensyang Solnopan asin an Ingles komun na nahihiling sa mga karatula asin dakul man na Intsik an tataong magtaram kan tataramon na ini huli ngane ta Ingles dati komun na ginagamit sa sistema kan edukasyon.

Sa irarom kan prinsipyong "Sarong nasyon, duwang sistema pulitika", an Hong Kong iba an ipinapasunod na sistema pulitika, asin iba mananggad kan sistema sa Kadagaan Tsina. An inapod na "Basic Law kan Hong Kong", an dokumentong konstitusyonal, na nagboboot na an Hong Kong dapat igwang "halangkaw na gayong autonomiya" sa gabos na bagay maliban sana sa panluwas na relasyones asin sa depensa militar, iyo an namomoon sa sistema pulitiko igdi.[18] Dawa ngane igwang nagkukusog na multi-partidong sistema, sarong sadit na sirkulo nin elektorado iyo an nagkokontrol kan kabanga kan lehislatura. An Komite Elektorado na binibilog nin 800 katawo iyo an napili kan Pamayo (Chief Executive) kan gobyerno.[19][20]

Hong Kong Skyline Panorama - Dec 2008.jpg

Mga panluwas na takodLiwaton

ToltolanLiwaton

  1. Leung 2016.
  2. Official Languages Ordinance.
  3. Population By-Census 2016, pp. 31, 51–52.
  4. Legislative Council Disclaimer and Copyright Notice.
  5. Use of Chinese in Court Proceedings 2011.
  6. Population By-Census 2016, p. 46.
  7. Cheung 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Hong Kong". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hk.html. Retrieved on 2 October 2018. 
  9. Monthly Statistics for June 2019, p. 4.
  10. Population By-Census 2016, p. 34.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=58&pr.y=13&sy=2017&ey=2021&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=532&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. 
  12. Household Income Distribution 2016, p. 7.
  13. UN Human Development Indices and Indicators 2018, p. 22.
  14. Technical Legislative Amendments on Traffic Arrangements for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge 2017.
  15. http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/hong_kong_statistics/statistics_by_subject/index.jsp?subjectID=1&charsetID=1&displayMode=T
  16. "Geography and Climate, Hong Kong". Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/FileManager/EN/Content_810/geog.pdf. Retrieved on 10 January 2007. 
  17. "Population by Ethnicity, 2001 and 2006". Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/hong_kong_statistics/statistical_tables/index.jsp?htmlTableID=139&excelID=&chartID=&tableID=139&ID=&subjectID=1. Retrieved on 4 October 2010. 
  18. http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_2.html
  19. http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_4.html#section_1
  20. ^ Ghai, Yash P. (2000). Autonomy and Ethnicity: Negotiating Competing Claims in Multi-ethnic States. Cambridge University


Sambiton an kasalaan: <ref> mga tatak na eksistido para sa sarong grupo na pinagngaranan na "lower-alpha", alagad mayong kinasungkoan na <mga pinapanungdanan na grupo="lower-alpha"/>na tatak an nanagboan, o sarong panarado </ref> an nawawara